1861, November 14 – Fort Lincoln, KS Archibald A. Adams is 62 years old with an occupation of Blacksmith. He enrolled as Private in I Company, 5th Regiment, Kansas Cavalry, at Fort Lincoln, KS at the age of 62 by Capt Hayes. on the side of the Union. His son, Augustus, enlisted in the same Regiment exactly one month later on December 14, 1861. (Film Number M542 roll 1)
1862, February 7 – Fort Scott, KS (per Muster Roll) or Fort Lincoln, KS (per Descriptive Roll) Archibald was mustered into service by Lieut Bowman. His physical description is 5′, 10 1/2″, dark complexion, dark eyes, grey hair. 1862, July and August Reported as “Deserted”, but in fact went home on “sick furlough” on December 2 (or 27th), 1861 and was home sick in January, 1862. Left home on May 1 to report back to his Company, but sickness caused him to turn back home”.
1862, November – Kansas City, MO Archibald was hospitalized for “amaurosis” (blindness). 1862, Winter – Fort Lincoln, KS Archibald is attacked with neuralgia of the right leg and thigh and couldn’t stand while on guard duty at Fort Lincoln.
1863, January 5 – General Hospital, Kansas City (MO) Archibald was “discharged on Surgeon’s Certificate of Disability at Kansas City, MO”. Cause: Amaurosis of long standing and general debility consequent upon old age. His eyes failed him on account of old age and is otherwise unfit for duty on account of the infirmities consequent to old age. He has been reported a deserted since Mar 31, 1862 but has really been sick and in hospital ever since that date. No further information on file” (US Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865, Film No M542, Roll 1).